Between 1990 and 2015, the number of annual fatalities of children aged under 14 in Spain as a result of a road accidents fell from 307 to 25; in other words, by 92%. The situation in Latin America, however, is different: almost 5,000 children in this same age group die every year in the 18 countries covered by the survey conducted by Fundación MAPFRE. This report also shows the results of various different surveys to analyze the safety level of child restraint systems in different situations to assess the consequences of their incorrect use.
Fundación MAPFRE has presented a dossier on "Children's Road Safety in cars in Spain and Latin America: child seats, 2016" which demonstrates how traffic accident figures have evolved in Spain and in 18 Latin American countries.
SPAIN: A DROP IN THE NUMBER OF CHILD ROAD ACCIDENT FATALITIES
In 2015, a total of 25 children under the age of 14 died in Spain as a result of a traffic accident. In 2014 this figure was 37. Consequently there has a been a drop of 32% in the number of child fatalities in Spain as a result of traffic accidents.
Taking serious injuries into account as well as fatalities in 2015, the number of child victims of road accidents rose to 380. In 2014 this figure was 388, so in this case there was also a drop, though to a much lesser degree, of 2%.
As the dossier shows, in 2015 most of the fatalities occurred outside cities (76% on highways). Meanwhile, 63% of serious injuries and 65% of minor injuries in Spain in 2015 occurred on urban thoroughfares.
It should also be noted that most of the children who lost their lives in traffic accidents in 2015 were traveling in cars or vans, and that the second group with the most child fatalities was pedestrians (eight children lost their lives as pedestrians in 2015).
These figures show a clear drop: for every 10 children who lost their lives in a traffic accident in Spain in 1990, there is only one fatality today, according to the report.
However, when it comes to injuries, although the number of serious injuries fell by 81% between 1993 and 2015, the number of children with minor injuries from road accidents increased by 8% over the same period.
LATIN AMERICA: A MUCH LOWER REDUCTION
The figures obtained from the 2015 report show that almost 5,000 children aged under 14 (4,918 to be exact) die every year in the 18 LAC countries covered in the survey. In the 2013 report, the number of child fatalities was 5,113, so there has been a drop of approximately 3.87%.
The average child mortality rate from traffic accidents in the LAC countries surveyed is thirty-two (32) deaths per million inhabitants; in European Union countries, this rate is six (6) child fatalities per million inhabitants.
The report states that if the LAC countries in the study had the same rate as the European countries in the same study, the lives of 4,021 children would be saved every year.
The 2015 review of the situation of children's road safety in Latin America shows that Peru has improved by 18 points compared to the 2013 survey, due essentially to improvements in legislation, inspections, technical requirements and the emergence of specific campaigns on children's road safety.
Meanwhile, Uruguay managed to achieve an improvement of 10 points due to the drop in child road fatalities and improvements in legislation and technical requirements.
Ecuador moved up eight points in its general classification based on improvements in child road accident indicators and legislated inspections.
Mexico and Brazil account for almost 50% of all child fatalities in LAC countries in the survey, a trend that has remained stable in the last three studies in 2012, 2013 and 2015.