With the goal of improving children's road safety, Argentina has recently updated its legislation. The legislative amendments of 10 January 2018 establish that "children under the age of 10 must travel securely on the rear seat, with an approved child restraint system suitable for their weight and size".
Previously, Argentina only established that children under 10 years old should travel on the rear seats of the vehicle and the use of child car seats was only compulsory for children under the age of 4. For many, this legislation still does not go far enough, since it should also establish a limit based on height and not age.
Moreover, the legislation varies from city to city and province to province. For example, in Buenos Aires legislation states that children under 12 or less than 150 cm tall must travel on the rear seats in an approved CRS. This type of regulation provides the highest level of child safety.
It is worth highlighting that a large number of children are still traveling without any kind of restraint system in Argentina, although the numbers are improving. The 'Observational study of driver and passenger behavior in vehicles with 4 (or more) and 2 wheels', carried out by Argentina's Ministry of Transport in 2016 demonstrates that only 3 out of 10 minors are traveling in a car with the correct protection.
DO WOMEN USE CHILD RESTRAINT SYSTEMS MORE THAN MEN?
This same study shows that the use of child restraint systems for children from birth to 4 years old who are seated on the rear seats is higher if the driver is female. 58.6% of child car seat use occurs with women drivers compared to 42.3% when there is a male driver.
The study clearly demonstrates that 'the sex of the driver influences CRS use' and that the progress of use of child car seats improves evenly irrespective of gender.
While in 2011 only 21% of children were using a CRS when the driver was male, this usage has increased considerably to up to 42.3% in 2016. In terms of female drivers, 38.7% of children were using child seats in 2011 when the driver was a female. In 2016 it went up to 58.6%.
There is obviously still a lot of work to be done in order to achieve 100% use of child restraint systems across the board. Only by achieving this goal will we ensure that not one single child loses their life on the roads.