Children are not aware of dangers. Parents, educators, caregivers and the rest of the family must never forget that and should not trust that children already know how to cross the street or how to be careful around cars.
Research on child road safety has determined that children between 3 and 9 years of age are vulnerable when crossing the street and also run a greater risk, two times higher, of being run over.
Firstly, because crossing the street is a more complex action than may appear at first glance. It involves a significant level of eye-brain coordination, requires quick decision-making and also demands the ability to calculate distances and the speeds of various objects, all at the same time.
Among other things, you must evaluate your own speed, the distance to the other side of the street, the distance of the vehicles on the street that are coming closer and the speed at which they move, as well as calculating if there is time and space to cross safely or not.
There are many things to process in very little time, and children less than 9 years of age have not completely developed their perceptive and cognitive abilities at an adult level.
On the other hand, there is also a risk because children are distracted by nature and are often unpredictable. They may keep looking at something, be lost in their imagination or playing with other children, which means that they may go running into the road at any moment, without noticing the danger of it.
Therefore, adults have double the responsibility. They must watch out for the safety of their children, go with them when they cross the street and always hold their hand while crossing. Adult supervision is essential. Do not let your guard down even on quiet streets or when walking on the sidewalk or through a parking lot.
You must also set a good example and reinforce the fundamental concepts of road safety education when you accompany them. They will continue to learn, little by little, with the passing of time, with repetition and with perseverance, to: walk on the sidewalk and not on the road, walk along the inside of the sidewalk as it is less exposed to traffic, stop at the curb and look both ways before crossing, only cross at crosswalks, which have stoplights, and only cross when the light is green.