This regulation is to ensure the maximum safety possible for our children.
To avoid fines for parents, teachers and drivers.
We should be aware that the regulations vary according to the age of the child, adapting to their specific needs at each stage of their lives.
As we have mentioned in the previous article, the child car seats are classified in groups, each one with a series of regulations suited to the weight, height and age for each group of seats.
Many of the rules are shared between various groups but there are still differences.
Regulations for child seats according to their group.
For the group 0, covering babies up to 10kgs, the seats must be placed facing backwards, preferably on the back seats. Seats in this group must never be installed on the front seat without deactivating the front airbag.
It is not prohibited at the moment (it is a recent proposal by the DGT), to place the child seat on the front passenger seat (parents travelling alone often do this so they don’t have to turn around while driving to see the baby)
If the seat is placed in the front remember that it must be backward facing with the passenger airbag deactivated.
With reference to baskets for the baby, these are should be placed across the back seats.
The group 0+ is not so different to the last group, so the seat must be installed backward facing on the back seats.
As in group 0 and group 0+, the child is fixed into the seat using a 5-point harness so they are completely restrained in the seat.
Group I is slightly different to the others as the child may be placed facing forward in the direction you are travelling.
However, some of the seats in group I allow the child to still face backwards until they reach 3 or 4 years of age, making them much safer for the child.
In the same way that a child is held in using a 5-point harness, the child seat is held in place using the seatbelt.
Groups 2 and 3 refer to booster seats. They work by lifting the child up so that the car seatbelt can be properly fastened. At this point the children are too big to use a group 1 child seat but still too small to use the seatbelts in the same way as an adult.
Lastly we must be aware that the restraining systems must be used until the child starts to use the adult seatbelts once they are either 12 years old or over 135cms in height.