Annually, there are approximately 1.3 million people killed in road accidents throughout the world and another 50 million hurt.
Many of these accidents, whose global cost is between 1 and 3 percent of gross domestic product of every country, could be eradicated taking effective road safety measures.
The goal of the manual on road safety measures published in Spain by MAPFRE FOUNDATION and written by 4 experts from the Norwegian Institute of Transport (Rune Elvik, Alena Hoye, Truls Vaa y Michael Sørensen), is to make known some of the measures accessible to us and to point out the effectiveness of these 128 safety measures on road safety in such things as design, roadside equipment, traffic management vehicle design and driver training.
This manual aims to become a reference tool for anyone working in road safety, offering reliable quantitative estimates of the effects of the safety strategies shown. It will be useful document for estimating the cost of implementing each measure. Information that will serve to help local authorities to calculate where best to spend their resources in relation to their other obligations.
Included the Manual of Measures for Road Safety.
To compile this manual, over 2000 studies carried out since 1960 were reviewed and classified, with information on the level of effectiveness of road safety measures all included in the booklet.
Within the document are the principal risk factors for road users, and highlighted are 20 risk factors that if in theory could be eliminated, would reduce road deaths by 89% and the number of injured by 73%. These risk factors include: the high risk of a crash in urban areas, speeding, bad driving, and not using a seatbelt.
Other measures evaluated in the manual refer to the road design, the equipment used and it relative cost benefit. There are various measures whose cost outweigh their benefits: bicycle lanes, left turn lanes at traffic lights, roundabouts, roads and intersections on different levels. The document also examines the cheaper but still effective measures such as design of the vehicle, personal safety equipment such as seatbelts and a helmet.
The manual, published for the first time in Norway in 1982, has been revised several times. In the second edition in Spanish, a lot of information has been up dated with new sections on the legislation regarding driving under the influence of alcohol, the use of speed cameras and radar speed traps, which according to the manual reduce accidents by 24%.
The latest edition of the Manual of Road Safety Measures is now on sale priced at 65 euros.
At the MAPFRE FOUNDATION we have published this second edition in Spanish because, amongst other things we believe that sharing this information can contribute significantly in improving strategies and safety measures carried out by the relevant authorities. Also highlighting the risks involved in accidents helps driver awareness and so hopefully encouraging them to drive more cautiously. We would therefore recommend all of those people committed to helping in the improvement of road safety to read his manual.