Peru, a country that has seen a notable growth in several areas, also progresses with road safety. A regulation has been put in place making it mandatory to use child restraint systems in the back seat of vehicles (up until 3 years old). It also states that children up to the age of 12 must wear a universal seat belt in back seats.
Law No. 30297, published on January 6 this year, indicates the following in its article 2:
“Anyone driving a car for private use, which falls under category M1, in which a child up to the age of 12 is traveling must secure the minor on the back seat of the vehicle using restraint systems...”
WHERE SHOULD CHILDREN SIT?
This new law is also very explicit as far as the location of children in the car, with the following groups:
a) Group 0. Children up to 1 year old.
Children must be secured in a child restraint system, known as baby/child seats, placed backward, facing the back seat.
b) Group 1. Children between one and three years old.
They must use a child restraint system suitable for their age.
c) Group 3. Children between three and twelve years old.
They must wear the universal seat belt.
Only children over 12 years of age can sit in the front of the car.
WHAT TYPE OF CHILD RESTRAINT SYSTEM CAN I USE?
This is specified in Article 4 of the law. Approved systems that have proven quality, that adapt to the size and weight of the children and that give the possibility of being installed in optimum conditions to ensure the safety of the minor at all times.
WHEN WILL THIS LAW ENTER INTO FORCE?
The ministries of Transport, Communication and Health have been promoting this law since it was launched to make people aware of the new use of child restraint systems.
This campaign was started to gradually make each Peruvian citizen who transports a minor with the ages mentioned above in their vehicle to strictly comply with this new law.
The text states that 'within the period of twenty-five calendar days, the Executive Power shall adapt the Consolidated Text of the National Traffic Regulations - Traffic Code, approved by Supreme Decree 016-2009-MTC, to the provisions of this Law, which includes its gradual implementation'.
RESPONSIBILITY: THE DRIVER
The regulation indicates that the person responsible for ensuring that under 12 year olds travel safely in the vehicle (category M1 vehicle), using child restraint systems and universal seat belts suitable for their age, is the driver.