If urgent measures are not taken worldwide, that figure could increase to almost two million deaths in the next five years. It should also be noted that, between 20 and 50 million people are injured every year, including those that suffer serious consequences or disability.
Those killed come from two very distinctive groups. One, the one with the highest mortality rate is in the group of people between 15 and 29 years of age. The other is from those countries where average income is low to medium, in general Africa and The Far East.
In the Global status report on road safety 2015 we can observe that there are five principal risk factors: speeding, driving under the influence of alcohol, crash helmet use on motorcycles, seatbelt use, and child restraining systems for children.
The WHO recommends the prevention of road accidents by using a global road safety management system, with the intervention of all the sectors involved, such as transport, police, health, education, etc. This would echo the various initiatives to lower these figures, such as safer infrastructure design, improvements to vehicle safety, and faster response times after an accident, etc.
In the same way, Fundación MAPFRE, under the subject of Road Safety Prevention has produced a report called Strategic Plans for European Road Safety in which they have gathered together a multitude of actions that contribute to the reduction of road traffic accidents.