If you're planning a trip to Mexico for a vacation, for example, or to spend some time there, it's very likely that the need will arise at some point to make a car journey. In this case, it is a good idea to be very clear on certain points of Mexican traffic legislation, from the most basic regulations through to the law on the approved child restraint systems for each Mexican state.
The problem is that in Mexico there is no specific law and while it is true that efforts have been made to increase children's safety during car journeys, it is also true that there is still a very long way to go in this respect. Indeed, Mexico and Brazil together account for 50% of all child fatalities on the road. In the article “What are the laws on child restraint systems in Latin America and the Caribbean?” you can find a great deal of information (and an infographic) on road safety in Latin America.
Apart from not having a specific law, the problem is aggravated by the fact that regulations vary considerably among the different states and municipalities. For example, the State of Mexico bans children under the age of 12 from traveling in the front seats of vehicles, yet it only requires that children up to the age of five are seated in child seats in the back of the car.
In Yucatan a child seat is mandatory for all children under the age of five, fitted in the back seat. In Monterrey, the limit is by both age (four or under) and height (less than 95 cm), in all cases being obliged to travel in a CRS in the back seat (if there is a back seat).
In other states such as Baja California del Sur, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Distrito Federal, Veracruz and another 15 states there is no obligation to use a child restraint system as a general rule, and only in some of these states is it mandatory for children to travel in the back seats. Evidently penalties are few and far between, but there is also very little safety for children.
In view of the above, it is advisable to make sure that your child travels in a child restraint system suitable for their needs, and, as a last resort, it is worth thinking about taking the CRS you usually use in Spain with you.
As a final piece of advice, it is always worth remembering that at the Spanish Embassy in Mexico you can find information and assistance, which is also available on the website of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation.