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Other studies- Spain

Spain studies

Here we will outline some of the most interesting studies carried out in Spain.

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Year: 2011

Authors: Línea Directa and Politécnica University of Madrid

Sponsor: Línea Directa

After simulating 15 head-on accidents at 50km/hour in laboratory conditions, risks involved in the incorrect installation and use of the child seats was analyzed. This demonstrates that the incorrect installation be it due to being in a hurry or even to make the child more comfortable,increases the risk of death in an accident by 4 times.

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Good and bad use of child safety seats in traffic accidents

Authors: CYBEX and Royal Automobile Club of Spain (RACE)

Sponsor: CYBEX (manufacturer of child safety seats)

After completing numerous surveys of different users of child car seats and testing head-on impact at 64km/hour, some valuable results are noted with regard to the correct installation of the child seat in the vehicle: 43% of children slip their arms out of the safety straps, which could have grave consequences. Also 37% of drivers are aware of having occasionally driven a child without any seat, especially on short non-schooljourneys, (party, birthdays etc.) and some even on the school run.

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Report on child protection in an automobile: responsible safety

Year: 2010.

Author: Royal Automobile Club of Spain (RACE) and Spanish pediatric Association (AEP).

After having carried out a crash test to establish the consequences of a head-on collision between vehicles on a baby carried in the arms of an adult, a common occurrence particularly when leaving the hospital after having given birth, some definite conclusions were drawn: It is impossible to support a baby in the arms. On the contrary an infant of 18 months travelling in a baby seat would suffer no injury at all.

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Report by RACE

Year: 2009. 

Author: Two reports by The Royal Automobile Club of Spain (RACE) and The Royal Automobile Club of Catalonia (RACC).

Results from thecrash tests (ease of use, operation, comfort and other characteristics) of around 28 child seats: none achieved the maximum certification while 11 models achieved a rating of “satisfactory”; 9 as “acceptable”, 3 didn’t pass the testing and were rated as “unsatisfactory”, while another 5 gained the worst rating possible (“very unsatisfactory”).

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Study of children restraining systems

Year: 2009.

Author: Royal Automobile Club of Catalonia(RACC).

Sponsor: Jané.

Independent of their use, 96% of vehicles carrying children are fitted with some sort of child restraining system, 3.4% have none. In spite of this about 22% still travel incorrectly. This study takes into account farm work and interviews, which look at the attitude of the persons responsible for the correct use of the child seats.

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VI RACC-Jané study: The evolución of vehicle safety

Year: 2009.
Author: Observation of infant and adolescent health at Hospital Sant Joan de Déu (FAROS Sant Joan de Déu).
Sponsor: Social work at La Caixa Foundation.
After the first 4 weeks of life, unintentional injuries play an important role in infant mortality and are the most important factor in hospitalization. Motor vehicle collisions are the principal cause of child injury and are a major cause of death caused by injury. After analysis of the globalsituation of child injury it is clear that social inequality and gender are associated with the unacceptable levels of these injuries.
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Unintentional injury in infancy and adolescence

Year: 2008

Author: María Jesús Esparza Olcina

The goal of this report is to form a guide of recommendations that have proved effective in the prevention and lowering of the seriousness of injuries sustained by children in accidents by analysis of accidents in Spain and using other diverse sources. This report has identified most effective measures related to the use of bicycle and motorbike crash helmets, pedestrian and adolescent driver education.

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Prevention of infant injuries in road traffic accidents

Year: 2006

Author: Royal Automobile Club of Catalonia (RACC).

Sponsor: Jané.

From this study of the use of child seats in those under 12 years of age, it is evident that the use of child restraining systems in children between 0 and 6 years was more than 51.7% in 2003 and 87.5% in 2005 in all of Spain’s major cities, coinciding with the new law passed in 2004 making it unlawful for any child under 135cm in height to travel without being restrained.

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Report into child safety in vehicles

Year: 2006

Author: Royal Automobile Club of Catalonia (RACC) and Spanish society for pediatric emergencies.

Sponsor: Jané.

48% of children involved in accidents analyzed in this study were not using any type of restraint. 72% of those over 6 years of age were not restrained at the time of the accident and 25% of those under 6.

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Report by RACC

Year: 2005

Author: Servei Català de Trànsit.

Sponsor: Play.

The goals of this study were to analyze the level of awareness of child protection systems amongst the Catalan population and to establish whether the level of knowledge has increased over time. Also to analyze the reasons why child seats are not used along with the age up to which people think they should be used and their level of awareness of the ISOFIX system. Updating the last study carried out in 2003.

More information at:

http://transit.gencat.cat/ca/

Year: 2004

Author: Royal Automobile Club of Catalonia (RACC).

Sponsor: Jané.

According to this study, 73.2% of boys and girls aged between 6 and 12 who should be using child seats or booster seats never travel correctly seated in the car. The restraining systems are used less during trips within the city than on longer journeys. Children show a very low level of awareness of the need to use child safety systems (SRI).

Year: 2003

Author: Royal Automobile Club of Spain (RACE), the traffic management administration of the Spanish Interior Ministry (DGT) and the Traffic group of the Guardia Civil.

Sponsor: The foundation of the International Automobile Federation (FIA).

A study with the objective of understanding the use of restraining systems for children involved in fatal accidents in Spain in which we find that only about 1 in every 3 children were adequately restrained and only 1% of the child seats were fixed into the vehicle using the ISOFIX system.

Year: 2003

Author: Servei Català de Trànsit.

Sponsor: Play.

A statistical analysis of road accidents involving infants in Catalonia and an observational study of the use of safety systems in vehicles during long journeys (data relating to 13,567 children under 12).

The purpose of the study was to establish the proportion of children under 12 that use a child restraining system and to establish if there is a relationship between the use of the systems and the number of children in the vehicle.

Year: 2003

Author: Royal Automobile Club of Catalonia (RACC).

Sponsor: Jané.

The objective if this study was to observe and evaluate the safety measures adopted by the parents to protect children under 6 years of age during short urban journeys. Certain conclusions are slightly worrying: 24.7% of vehicles in which children travel have no child restraint system.

Year:  2001

Author: Royal Automobile Club of Spain (RACE).

Summaries of the principal conclusions of the second UNICEF report on child injuries and a recompilation of the latest available data in Spain on child accident rates and on traffic accidents in particular. The study demonstrates that in Spain has one of the lowest generic child mortality rates in the European Union having the third lowest rates after France and Sweden. 

Year: 2000

Author: Royal Automobile Club of Spain (RACE) and The University of Zaragoza.

Carried out during incognito visits, this is an interesting study relating to child safety information available in car dealerships or any other outlet where child safety systems are sold. Outlets specializing in children’s products offered the most comprehensive information.

Year: 1995

Author: Ministry of the Interior, traffic dept (Spain).

An exhaustive study of the legislation and documentation both national and international and revealing some interesting information about accident rates, risks and restraining systems available for specific age groups, publicity campaigns by both the public sector and by private companies (such as car manufactures, child safety equipment makers). Amongst other things it showed that pediatricians could influence the parents choice of safety system. 

More information at:

The library of the traffic dept. of the Ministry of the Interior (C/ Josefa Valcárcel 28, 28071 Madrid).

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